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LÖRDAG 17 NOVEMBER 2018
Utrikes
2018-10-31

FN säkerhetsråd om utvecklingen i Ukraina (2018-10-30)

Mötet i FN säkerhetsråd hade sammankallats med tanke på utvecklingen i Ukraina och oron för det ökade antalet döda civila, oron för planerade lokala val i folkrepublikerna Lugansk och Donetsk, samt förnyade ansträngningar för att få ett slut på striderna.

Eftersom FN:s Säkerhetsråds möte bland annat skulle behandla förestående lokala val i Lugansk och Donetsk hade en representant för Folkrepubliken Lugansk, ordförande i valkommitén Jelena Kravtjenko anmält att få göra en föredragning om dessa val. Jelena Kravtjenko ville visa att de lokala valen till Republikens Folkråd det vill säga ordförande och deputerade på intet sätt är i strid mot Minsk avtalet. Denna föredragning förvägrades henne.

Med Sverige i spetsen röstade 7 länder (Sverige, Polen, Nederländerna, USA, Storbritannien, Frankrike, Peru) mot denna föredragning. Ett land röstade för (Ryssland)
7 länder avstod från att rösta (Kina, Bolivia, Elfenbenskusten, Etiopien, Ekvatorialguinea, Kazakstan, Kuwait)

Sveriges representant i Säkerhetsrådet (Carl Skau) anförde att Jelena Kravtjenko inte representerade en regering utan en olaglig rebell enhet (“illegal separatist entity”) och varnade för att hennes föredragning i Säkerhetsrådet skulle kunna utgöra ett farligt prejudikat.

  “Mr. SKAU ( Sweden) said that, nearly five years into the Russian Federation’s illegal annexation of Crimea and the start of its aggression in eastern Ukraine, the situation remains highly volatile and still poses a threat to international peace and security.  The continued high levels of violence in Donbass - along with deep concern over the so-called “elections” planned for 11 November – prompted Sweden along with several other delegations to call for today’s meeting, he said.  The attempt to redraw borders in Europe, backed by military power, constitutes a violation of the United Nations Charter and places the issue squarely under the Council’s mandate.  “The challenge to the international legal order is not a regional problem, but one with global implications,” he stressed, voicing regret that the Russian Federation shows no sign of reversing its actions to comply with international law.  Voicing concern about the continuing violence and the deteriorating humanitarian situation in eastern Ukraine, he noted slight improvements in ensuring humanitarian access, but stressed that the humanitarian appeal remains underfunded and requires donors to increase their contributions.  He also called for the full implementation of the Minks agreements, starting with an immediate and lasting ceasefire, and warned that the so-called “elections” planned for Donbass are a blatant violation of those accords.  In that regard, he called on Moscow to assume its responsibility and use its influence to stop them from being held.

Mr. NEBENZIA (Russian Federation), describing a murder that he said cast suspicion on Ukrainian activities in the east, said that the proposed elections had no bearing on the Minsk agreements, which pertained instead to municipal elections.  Meanwhile, he said that Kiev is refusing to abide by its commitments and as a result the situation in the east remains explosive.  Ukrainian rhetoric, which sabotaged the Minsk agreements, has not been mentioned in the Council today.  Instead, he noted, speakers in the Council maintain that Ukraine is fulfilling its commitments under the agreements.  Such statements showed unfamiliarity with the agreements.  Provisions on elections and decentralization, among many others, are not being fulfilled.
The Council is allowing the authorities in Kiev to do whatever they want, including pursuing anti-Russian invective, quoting Ukrainians to that effect.  As a significant portion of the population in Ukraine is Russian that language discrimination by Ukrainian authorities was a major cause of the uprising in the east.  In Crimea, residents breathed a sigh of relief at the Russian annexation; if it had not happened the situation would be as bad there as it is in Donbass.  In any case, deception will not help to recreate the former situation.  “The genie has been let out of the bottle, you can’t put it back.”

VOLODYMYR YELCHENKO (Ukraine) said the Russian Federation is “preoccupied, first and foremost” with using the Council to wage a disinformation campaign and accuse Ukraine of everything that happens in the occupied territories in Donetsk and Luhansk.  Expressing his deepest disappointment at the Russian Federation’s stance on the war-torn Donbass regions, he said holding “so-called early elections” in Donetsk and Luhansk would amount to putting armed gang leaders in illegitimate representative bodies.  Any such elections will be null and void and not recognized by Ukraine or the international community, he said, and the Russian Federation is well aware they violate Ukrainian sovereignty and the letter and spirit of the Minsk agreements.  Only legitimately, lawfully elected officials can represent communities in Donbass “and not the Kremlin’s puppets”.

He noted that OSCE monitors observed multiple convoys of cargo trucks illegally crossing the Ukrainian-Russian Federation border by night and transporting heavy weapons and ammunition, including spotting a surface-to-air missile system in non-Government-controlled territories on 27 October.  Stating Donbass is “not the only flashpoint”, he called the Sea of Azov another theatre of belligerence, with 200 vessels on their way to Ukrainian ports stopped “in an abusive manner” by the Russian Federation.  The Kerch Strait Bridge, built unlawfully, is a major hindrance to international navigation.  The Russian Federation has not given up the idea of a land corridor to Crimea, has more than doubled the strength of its military on the peninsula and is preparing for deployment of nuclear weapons.  Also, OHCHR findings confirm the Russian Federation is failing to protect human rights in Crimea.  Between 2014 and 2017, 108,000 people moved there from the Russian Federation, a deliberate policy to change demographics, while 70 Ukrainian citizens have been detained.  Saying his Government is nonetheless ready for constructive engagement to end the conflict, “alas, such readiness is not present yet” in the Russian Federation.

Sammanfattning:
Över alla dessa ”demokratiska” länder USA, Storbritannien, Frankrike, Sverige, Nederländerna faller ingen som helst skugga i FN:s Säkerhetsråd. Inte heller en tillstymmelse till ökad insikt eller kunskap kan uppfattas i deras tal. En genomförd statskupp med nazistiska förtecken men ingen oro och absolut ingen som helst likhet med året 1933. Vart är FN Säkerhetsråd på väg? Och i denna USA och EU stödda statskupp deltar trots 4 års erfarenheter av den ukrainska juntans omfamningar även ett land (läs vasall) som Sverige.

Tommy Frost

https://www.un.org/press/en/2018/sc13560.doc.htm

 

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